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Vitamins and mineral supplements have little benefit on CV outcomes


No significant benefits were observed with use of multivitamins, vitamin D, calcium, or vitamin C on cardiovascular (CV) outcomes or all-cause mortality. Only low- to moderate-quality evidence supports use of folic acid to reduce CV disease and folic acid and B vitamins to reduce the risk of stroke, according to results of systematic reviews and meta-analyses published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.



Jenkins DJA, et al. Supplemental vitamins and minerals for CVD prevention and treatment. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018;71(22):2570–84.

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